The practical implications of current trends, the risks and potentialities of emerging situations, the pros and cons of specific laws are discussed in rigorous but plain language. Martin Kolk and Gunnar Andersson study the evolution of same-sex marriages, childbearing and divorce in Sweden. They highlight increases in childbearing and marriage of female couples in particular, and a stabilization of divorce risks. Over time, the family dynamics of same-sex couples have become increasingly similar to those of different-sex partners. In recent decades, same-sex couples in nearly all high-income countries have gained increasing access to the same legal family forms as those available to different-sex couples.
Same-sex marriage in Sweden
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Same-sex marriage in Sweden has been legal since 1 May following the adoption of a gender-neutral marriage law by the Riksdag on 1 April Existing registered partnerships remain in force and can be converted to a marriage if the partners so desire, either through a written application or through a formal ceremony. New registered partnerships are no longer able to be entered into and marriage is now the only legally recognized form of union for couples regardless of sex. On 22 October , the governing board of the Church of Sweden voted —62 in favour of allowing its priests to wed same-sex couples in new gender-neutral church ceremonies,  including the use of the term marriage. In , Sweden established a statutory relationship protection scheme separate from marriage for all unmarried cohabiting couples, including same-sex couples. It was the first statutory protection for same-sex couples in Sweden.
Suicides fall with gay marriage in Sweden, Denmark as stigma fades
Suicide rates among those in same-sex relationships have fallen significantly in both Denmark and Sweden since the legalisation of gay marriage, according to a study, although whatever their marital status, homosexual people remain more likely to take their own life. The joint study by the Danish Research Institute for Suicide Prevention and researchers from Stockholm University compared suicide rates for people in same-sex and heterosexual relationships in the periods and Denmark became the first country in the world to allow same-sex civil partnerships in , with neighbouring Sweden following six years later. Same-sex marriage, now authorised in 28 countries, became legal in Sweden in and Denmark in Annette Erlangsen, the lead author, suggested that along with other gay rights legislation, same-sex marriage may have reduced feelings of social stigmatisation among some homosexual people.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender LGBT rights in Sweden are regarded as some of the most progressive in Europe and in the world. Sweden also became the first country in the world to allow transgender persons to change their legal gender post- sex reassignment surgery in whilst transvestism was declassified as an illness. Legislation allowing legal gender changes without hormone replacement therapy and sex reassignment surgery was passed in